Almost Forty More Commandments

From the Book of Exodus, King James Translation

chapters 20…23

Note that there are several of these that make us call into question the authority of the compilers of this collection, including the previous ten.
But there are good commandments here too, about environmental, civic and social responsibilities.

Chapter 20

20:1 to 20:21 -- The usual Ten
20:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
  1. 20:23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.
  2. This commandment seems to have been abandoned very early.
    20:24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

    20:25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. 20:26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

    Chapter 21

    21:1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
  3. 21:2 Hebrew slaves
    If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself. 21:5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.
  4. 21:7 Maidservant selling
    And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. 21:9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. 21:10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. 21:11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
  5. thou shalt not kill -penalties and exceptions

    more capital crimes

  6. 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.
  7. 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
  8. 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.
  9. 21:18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed: 21:19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.
  10. another exception

    21:20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished. 21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.
  11. 21:22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
    Note that the fetus here does not count as a life
    21:23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, 21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 21:25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
  12. Thou shalt not injure thy servants
    21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. 21:27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.
  13. Thou shalt be responsible for thy beasts
    21:28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit. 21:29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. 21:30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
  14. Thou shalt be responsible for thy nuisance works
    21:33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein; 21:34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.
  15. penalties

    21:35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide. 21:36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

    Chapter 22

  16. * thou shalt not steal - penalties *
  17. 22:6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.
  18. 22:16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. 22:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
  19. 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
    Note that this is obsolete, but only because there is no evidence that trafficking with Satan works. Only Hollywood believes in the existence of witchcraft.
    However, it is surely improper for a leader who says he's a Christian to be consulting a woman who dabbles in the supernatural occult.


  20. 22:19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.
  21. A repeat of #1 22:20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.
  22. Concerning Immigration?
    22:21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
  23. On Oppressing the Poor
    22:22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. 22:23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; 22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
  24. 22:25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury. 22:26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: 22:27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.
  25. *** Note the plural here -- so which gods?
    22:28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
  26. 22:29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me. 22:30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.
    22:31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

    Chapter 23

  27. Another repeat
    23:1 Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.
  28. No Lynchings or Mob Justice
    23:2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:
  29. 23:3 Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.
  30. 23:4 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. 23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
  31. 23:6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause. 23:7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
  32. No bribes
    23:8 And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.
  33. a repeat of 22:21
    23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
  34. the Sabbath Year

    23:10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: 23:11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard. 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.


    23:13 And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.
  35. Festivals

    23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.
  36. Tithing, or taxes

    23:19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God.
  37. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
    From this most rabbis conclude that cheeseburgers are not kosher

49.
Religious Intolerance - the worst commandment


Here is a passage and commandment that authorises genocide and religious intolerance.
It is repeated, more severely, in Deuteronomy, where the Girgashite is to be included in the slaughter.

23:20 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.
23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him. 23:22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries. 23:23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off.

50.The Afghan Taliban, in obedience to this commandment

destroyed the world's tallest standing image of the Buddha, who is NOT a god.

23:24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. 23:25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.